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Second field campaign of Z2 and Z3 ...

... with focus on the installation of weather stations, the realization of irrigation experiments, and the installation of dust sampling devices. During the second field campaign in September-October 2017, PhD student Franko Arenas Díaz from Universidad Catolica del Norte (UCN – Antofagasta) accompanied Z2 and Z3. We were able to successfully set up and configure the first transect of weather stations, which consists of five weather stations stretching from the coast along the Rio Loa valley to the Andes.

In addition, we gathered data from those two stations, which were set up in March and April 2017. The data revealed interesting insights into wind direction patterns and nightly dew, which was sufficiently high to be measured as 0.1mm of precipitation in the rain gauge. In addition, first online communication and data transmission devices were installed and are currently operating. Two stations are now delivering data by using the GOES Data Collection System (DCS) provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Within the framework of C03 and Z03, we carried out a second irrigation experiment in the Salar Grande area. Compared to March 2017, a different set-up and nozzle configuration was used during irrigation, resulting in an artificial intense rain event of ~60 l/m3 per hour. No (!) surface discharge was observed, which points to no or insignificant morphological impact of any potential rain event in this and comparable settings. Pre- and post-irrigation photo documentation for SfM photogrammetry shall detect subtle surface changes during and after irrigation. Finally, besides an initial field survey to explore sites with zebra stripe surfaces, we installed first dust collectors of MWAC- (modified Wilson and Cook) and MDCO- (Marble Dust Collector) type. These dust collectors represent the starting point for future investigations on dust deposition and dust characteristics and shall be sampled regularly.
We thank Campbell Scientific and NOAA for their help!




pic1 640pxHard work on weather station 1.3 above the clouds
Dirk Hoffmeister
pic2 200pxA first MDCO-type dust collector was installed close to weather station 1.2.
Photo: M. May
  pic3 200pxSharp boundary between humid and dry sediments just below the irrigated hillslope surface at Salar Grande
Photo: L. Meine
  pic4 200pxIrrigation experiment on a 2x5 m hillslope surface at Salar Grande
Photo: M. May



Prof. Dr. Tibor J. Dunai
Institute of Geology and Mineralogy | University of Cologne
Zülpicher Str. 49b | 50674 Cologne
+49 (0)221 470-3229 | tdunai@uni-koeln.de
  Managing Director:
Christian Tiede
Institute of Geology and Mineralogy | University of Cologne

Zülpicher Str. 49b | 50674 Cologne
+49 (0)221 470-89833 | christian.tiede@uni-koeln.de


Prof. Dr. Martin Melles
Institute of Geology and Mineralogy | University of Cologne

Zülpicher Str. 49a | 50674 Cologne
+49 (0)221 470-2262 | mmelles@uni-koeln.de
Tim Schlüter
Institute of Geography | University of Cologne

Otto-Fischer-Str. 4 | 50674 Cologne
+49 (0)221 470-3735 | webmaster@sfb1211.de


Prof. Dr. Dietmar Quandt
Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants | University of Bonn

Meckenheimer Allee 170 | 53115 Bonn
+49 (0)228 73-3315 | quandt@uni-bonn.de
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